30. November 2012 23:10
Cell free fetal DNA testing is an effective screening tool for fetal aneuploidy and should be offered to high-risk women, but should not form part of routine prenatal laboratory assessment, according to a Committee Opinion published in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee on Genetics and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Publications Committee reviewed emerging clinical and scientific data on the use of non... [More]
26. November 2012 23:38
With whole genome sequencing (WGS) quickly becoming more affordable and accessible, debates are quickly turning to how such next generation technologies will be integrated into clinical care and how and under what circumstances they will benefit patients and the greater public good.
The new issue of GeneWatch magazine, now available online, brings together a diverse group of experts to explore the complex challenges facing the growing movement of such technologies from the... [More]
20. November 2012 20:05
There are over 1,000 endangered animal species in South America. Saving everything from the jaguar to the manatee isn’t easy. In fact, most endangered species will probably lose their battle for home and food to humans. Now, some scientist are trying to clone them to ease the pressure.
New Scientist writes:
“While cloning is a tool of last resort, it may prove valuable for some species,” says Ian Harrison of the Biodiversity Assessment Unit at Conservation International in ... [More]
20. November 2012 19:59
A new test, called chromosomal microarray technology, is providing doctors and prospective parents with more information than ever before about the genetic makeup of a baby still in the womb.
But what that knowledge actually means is not always clear, causing confusion and anxiety for parents and physicians.
Michelle Catalano had no reason to think her fourth baby wouldn't be born as healthy as her other three.
But because the Eastchester, N.Y., resident was 36 -- a year into the territory ob... [More]
16. November 2012 22:32
Animal rights activists in Germany are contesting three patents on genetically engineered chimpanzees granted this year by the European Patent Office (EPO) in Munich. One of the challenges was filed today; the other two will follow shortly, says Ruth Tippe, a spokesperson for a German advocacy group called No Patents on Life.
"It is incomprehensible why the patent office would grant patents on these animals," Tippe told ScienceInsider in a phone conversation minutes after filing pap... [More]
14. November 2012 01:52
Fertility clinics that help conduct surrogacy are all set to come under the scanner, with the state setting up a 10-member committee to study issues related to it. Such centres would also be brought under the ambit of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC-PNDT) Act, T C Benjamin, Additional Chief Secretary (health) told The Indian Express.
The focus of the committee will be on introducing a legislation that aims to regulate the Assisted Reproductive Technology (AR... [More]
12. November 2012 23:50
Maryland's DNA law, which allows police to take samples of suspects' genetic material for possible matches to other crimes, will be reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court next year, the justices announced Friday.
The law, a signature crime-fighting initiative of Gov. Martin O'Malley, was ruled unconstitutional by Maryland's highest court in April. But in July, U.S. Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. issued an order allowing police to continue collecting DNA samples, signaling that the ... [More]
9. November 2012 21:32
Supreme Court justices are to meet privately Friday to weigh whether they will hear a major genetic-privacy case testing whether authorities may take DNA samples from anybody arrested for a serious crime.
The case has wide-ranging implications, as at least 21 states and the federal government have regulations requiring suspects to give a DNA sample upon arrest. In all the states with such laws, DNA saliva samples are cataloged in state and federal crime-fighting databases.
The is... [More]
8. November 2012 23:59
Colman Chadam has been allowed to return to his middle school after officials ordered him to transfer out because of his genetic makeup.
The 11-year-old California boy was told last month that he had to transfer from Jordan Middle School in Palo Alto to another one miles away -- because he carries the genetic mutations for cystic fibrosis, a noncontagious but incurable and life-threatening disease. Despite the gene's presence, Colman's parents and doctors have affirmed that he doesn't actually ... [More]
8. November 2012 00:28
California voters rejected Prop 37, which would have required retailers and food companies to label products made with genetically modified ingredients.
Millions of dollars, mostly from outside of California, were poured into campaigns both for and against Prop 37. But the donations that came in weighed heavily in favor of Prop 37's opponents.
Companies like Monsanto and The Hershey Co. contributed to what was eventually a $44 million windfall for "No on Prop 37," while proponents w... [More]