29. July 2011 19:16
A law permitting the collection and storage of DNA samples from those convicted of or arrested for violent crimes may infringe on their human rights, the nation’s top human rights watchdog said Tuesday. “The commission ruled that the law on the use and preservation of personal genetic information may infringe upon the affected person’s self-decision right regarding his or her private information,” the Human Rights Committee said in a statement. “We will delive... [More]
29. July 2011 18:49
A federal appeals court ruled on Monday that forcing criminal suspects to provide a DNA sample upon arrest – and prior to any conviction – does not violate constitutional protections against unreasonable searches and seizures.
The Third US Circuit Court of Appeals ruled 8 to 6 that a federal statute authorizing the warrantless collection of DNA samples from every person entering the federal criminal justice system was “reasonable and does not violate the Fourth Amendment... [More]
28. July 2011 23:57
Boston University researchers today retracted a controversial, high-profile paper that claimed to identify a genetic signature for extreme longevity, after a new analysis showed some of their original data were incorrect.
The paper, originally published online by the journal Science last July, analyzed the genes of centenarians and found genetic markers that appeared to be unusually strong predictors of whether a person was likely to live a very long life. But outside researchers raised ... [More]
26. July 2011 20:41
Britain's government was accused Tuesday of breaking a promise to stop keeping the DNA records of people arrested for crimes but later found innocent.
Britain's DNA database is one of the largest in the world, containing genetic profiles of more than five million people, or 8 per cent of the population. Samples are taken from everyone arrested for a crime, and the information is usually retained even if the person is acquitted or freed without charge.
Critics of the practice - includin... [More]
25. July 2011 23:48
Scientists have created more than 150 human-animal hybrid embryos in British laboratories.
The hybrids have been produced secretively over the past three years by researchers looking into possible cures for a wide range of diseases.
The revelation comes just a day after a committee of scientists warned of a nightmare ‘Planet of the Apes’ scenario in which work on human-animal creations goes too far.
Last night a campaigner against the excesses of medical research said he... [More]
21. July 2011 20:52
Your knowledge of in vitro fertilization and multiple embryo transfers might begin and end at the case of Nadya Suleman, aka "Octomom." Perhaps you first learned of commercial surrogacy through Baby Mama, the 2008 comedy starring Tina Fey and Amy Poehler. Or maybe you have already committed to memory the U.S. Centers for Disease Control's broad definition of ART as "all fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled." Whether you fall into either of these extremes or (... [More]
21. July 2011 20:48
Foetal screenings have resulted in fewer babies born with the birth defect, but trend raises ethical questions
If current health policies and trends continue, Denmark could be a country without a single citizen with Down’s syndrome in the not too distant future.
Since 2004, the government has offered all pregnant women free prenatal screenings to determine if the foetus is afflicted with Down’s syndrome – a birth defect caused by an extra 21st chromosome which results i... [More]
20. July 2011 01:42
Transgenic salmon may not be as interested in the opposite sex as their wild, robust counterparts – but they do have enough sex drive to alter natural populations.
That’s the conclusion of a team of Canadian scientists who observed the breeding behavior of laboratory-reared, genetically modified salmon and wild salmon for two years.
“It’s possible for genetic modification to enter wild populations through natural sexual reproduction,” Darek Moreau, a researc... [More]
20. July 2011 01:29
TESTS ON the DNA of two children adopted by the owner of Argentina’s most powerful media conglomerate show they are not among an estimated 500 babies stolen from political detainees “disappeared” by the former military dictatorship, their lawyer claimed at the weekend.
The announcement is the latest twist in a long-running dispute over the identity of Marcela and Felipe Noble Herrera, who were adopted in 1976 by Ernestina Herrera de Noble, owner of the Clarín Grou... [More]
14. July 2011 22:01
The gold standard of modern genomics studies, the results of which guide thousands of investigations into the genetic roots of disease and development, are based almost exclusively on people of European ancestry. Unless that changes, most of humanity might miss out on the genomic revolution.
“Geneticists worldwide must investigate a much broader ensemble of populations, including racial and ethnic minorities,” write geneticists led by Carlos Bustamante of Stanford University i... [More]